The latest research from the Australian Healthcare and Hospitals Association has provided an analysis of how different population groups interact with Australia's heath system.
The research, published in the organisation's peer-reviewed journal, was conducted by Monash University and looked at why older people choose to present to hospital emergency departments rather than GPs, editor Professor Gary Day said.
"Analysing emergency department use in metropolitan Melbourne between 2008 and 2012, researchers found older people made a significant number of potentially avoidable general practitioner-type presentations," he said.
"Strategies to address this are needed at both the primary and acute care levels, including improvements to after-hours access to GPs, triaging and appointment management in general practice, and communication between acute and primary care services."
The research also recorded the BMI of hospital patients, and the effects of obesity.
"Research from Western Australia compared a one-day snapshot of the body mass index (BMI) of patients at a tertiary hospital in February 2015 with national and state population norms. Although much is known about the average weight of Australians there isn’t much information on the weight of Australians in hospital," Day said.
"The study found that there were fewer hospitalised patients who were overweight or obese, and more patients who were underweight or severely obese, compared with the non-hospitalised general Australian population.
"The study concluded that being overweight or obese may offer some protection against hospitalisation, but the damaging effect of obesity results in more extremely obese individuals being hospitalised than the proportion represented in the general population."
Further studies looked at the health and well-being of LGBTI residents over the age of 50, to provide a better understanding of the health issues that most affect them.
"The study concluded that although many older LGBTI people are well, both physically and mentally, they face increased risk of physical and mental health issues, such as loneliness and psychological distress compared with the general population," he said.
"Providing opportunities for older LGBTI clients to identify their gender or sexual diversity may assist in monitoring risk factors and enable referrals aimed at promoting healthy ageing.
"A perspective article from Queensland considered the inclusion of homeless Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with a neurocognitive disability in the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS).
"The authors warned that without accurate prevalence rates of neurocognitive disability, homeless Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are in danger of not receiving appropriate supports."Do you have an idea for a story?
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